Listing All Volume Mount Points on a Windows Server

While auditing and revising the backup policies for some servers, I came to an older file server that I hadn’t had significant contact with in a while. I knew I had made a volume mount point from one volume to another volume, but couldn’t remember where it was.

Like a good SysAdmin, I documented it in a private wiki so the information was a simple click away. However, it struck me that I should know how to list all volume mount points on a Windows Server 2003 or 2008 box. Who knows? Maybe I made a couple of extra VMPs and forgot about it.

If I had development skills, I could use some of the valuable MSDN content to create a small app to enumerate mounted folders that uses the calls “FindFirstVolumeMountPoint”, “FindNextVolumeMountPoint” and “FindVolumeMountPointClose”. However, as far as any kind of programming is concerned I couldn’t hack my way out of a wet paper bag.

The Windows 2000 Resource Kit has three tools that deal with volume mount points or “Junction Points”. These tools also work on Server 2008 and are included by default, at least on my Server 2008 R2 machine. Those tools are: linkd.exe, mountvol.exe and delrp.exe.

Mountvol when used by itself with no switches will first show the command’s help text but then list all volumes that are available on the system as well as a what junctions connect to that volume:

 

Notice that all my drive letters are listed, but underneath one of them, the E: drive, is a path to a folder that resides on the C: drive. This is the location index files for my backup program. Super, so now I can see all the junction points that are associated with a drive letter! As I suspected, there was only one junction point.

It should be noted that I also found a scripted way of enumerating volume mount points. The script is from The Scripting Guys and is located at this Microsoft TechNet link. Not that it does not work for Windows Server 2008, but supposedly does for Windows Server 2008 R2 I’ll reproduce the script here for you benefit:

strComputer = "."
Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:" _
    & "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\" & strComputer & "rootcimv2")
Set colItems = objWMIService.ExecQuery _
    ("SELECT * FROM Win32_MountPoint")

For Each objItem In colItems
  WScript.Echo "Directory: " & objItem.Directory
  WScript.Echo "Volume: " & objItem.Volume
  WScript.Echo
Next

When pasted into notepad, saved as a.vbs file and run the cscript, the output is similar, but not as well formatted as mountvol:

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